man is an angry man.
Have you noticed, that vegans and vegetarians are always
hungry? Have you also noticed, that they are always in a
perpetual state of indignation and anger?
Our bodies are fantastic machines, and they produce
instincts in reaction to stimuli - some of which we have
learned to repress. Our craving for chocolates and/or
something sweet is partly from our natural urge to diversify
our diets to increase our intake of essential vitamins and
minerals. In ancient times, after we killed our dinner, we
would get our vitamins from fruits and berries. This craving
stays with us today.
We also are driven to aggression by the lack of animal
protein. You must have noticed that when you eat in a Chinese
restaurant, you are hungry two hours or so later? This is due
to the large amount of vegetables and small amount of meat.
(This was more true in the old days of reasonable
Vegetarians are always hungry. Those of you who have
vegetarian friends, can attest to this.
Just like the animals of the savannah, the lions can lie
about relaxing between high protein kills, while the antelope
and vegetarian animals must nervously eat and eat and eat the
whole day long in order to get enough food. They too, are
always hungry. They too are angry. In fact, the most
dangerous animal in Africa is not the lion, but the
As Jared Diamond said in his "The Rise and Fall of the
That transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture
is generally considered a decisive step in our progress,
when we at last acquired the stable food supply and leisure
time prerequisite to the great accomplishments of modern
civilization. In fact, careful examination of that
transition suggests another conclusion: for most people the
transition brought infectious diseases, malnutrition, and a
shorter lifespan. For human society in general it worsened
the relative lot of women and introduced class-based
inequality. More than any other milestone along the path
from chimpanzeehood to humanity, agriculture inextricably
combines causes of our rise and our fall...
...recent discoveries suggest that the adoption of
agriculture, supposedly our most decisive step towards a
better life, was actually a milestone for the worse as well
as for the better. With agriculture came not only greatly
increased food production and food storage, but also the
gross social and sexual inequality, the disease and
despotism, that curse modern human existence.
Small and mean!
Many modern cases illustrate how improved childhood
nutrition leads to taller adults: for instance, we stoop to
pass through doorways of medieval castles built for a
shorter, malnourished population. Paleopathologists studying
ancient skeletons from Greece and Turkey found a striking
parallel. The average height of hunter-gatherers in that
region towards the end of the Ice Age was a generous 5 foot
10 inches for men, 5 foot 6 inches for women. With the
adoption of agriculture, height crashed, reaching by 4000 BC
a low value of only 5 foot 3 inches for men, 5 foot 1 inch
for women. By classical times, heights were very slowly on
the rise again, but modern Greeks and Turks have still not
regained the heights of their healthy hunter-gatherer
ancestors. (Source: Jared Diamond - ibid)
It is no coincidence that the modern era of warfare began
about the same time. Farmers were constantly in need of land
- which had to be taken away from the hunter/gatherers.
Anthropologists have long known that vegetarian tribes,
while smaller in stature than omnivorous tribes, are far more
dangerous and war like. They are also more territorial.
When our body needs food, it indicates this to us with the
feeling of hunger. But there are also other signals if
specific nutrients are deficient. Meat is the best source of
several nutrients. When our bodies are deficient in these, we
become irritable and aggressive. This is a perfectly natural
signal built into our genetic make-up over our evolution: our
bodies are telling us to go out and kill something to eat.
This is why strict vegetarians tend to be so vociferous. It
is a trait that was recognised long ago; it was, after all,
the vegetarian Cain who killed the carnivorous Abel, not the
other way round. The vegan Kikuyu tribe in Kenya were the
perpetrators of the murderous Mau Mau in the 1950s, not their
wholly carnivorous, but peaceful, neighbours, the Maasai.
Finally, the mere fact that agriculture encouraged people
to clump together in crowded societies, many of which then
carried on trade with other crowded societies, led to the
spread of parasites and infectious disease. (Some
archaeologists think it was the crowding, rather than
agriculture, that promoted disease, but this is a
chicken-and-egg argument, because crowding encourages
agriculture and vice versa.) Epidemics couldn’t take hold
when populations were scattered in small bands that
constantly shifted camp. Tuberculosis and diarrheal disease
had to await the rise of farming, measles and bubonic plague
the appearance of large cities and the dawn of the age of
As population densities of hunter-gatherers slowly rose at
the end of the Ice Age, bands had to 'choose', whether
consciously or unconsciously, between feeding more mouths by
taking the first steps towards agriculture, or else finding
ways to limit growth. Some bands adopted the former solution,
unable to anticipate the evils of farming, and seduced by the
transient abundance they enjoyed until population growth
caught up with increased food production. Such bands outbred
and then drove off or killed the bands that chose to remain
hunter-gatherers, because ten malnourished farmers can still
outfight one healthy hunter. It is not that hunter-gatherers
abandoned their lifestyle, but that those sensible enough not
to abandon it were forced out of all areas except ones that
farmers did not want. Modern hunter-gatherers persisted only
in scattered areas useless for agriculture, such as the
Arctic, deserts, and some rainforests.